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All about the Peach and How to Grow it

All about the Peach and How to Grow it
All about the Peach and How to Grow it

Store bought peaches contain high pesticide residue. Therefore, it is better for you to  grow  this fruit on your own. A peach tree can be a nice addition in your garden. The fruit from this tree is juicy and tasty.

Therefore, you can enjoy peaches every time the fruit is in the season. Growing this tree is not impossible to do if you know how to grow a peach tree.

The Origin And History Of Peaches

Long time ago, it was believed that peaches comes from Persia or Iran. That’s why it is called Prunus persica. But, later on, it is found out that this fruit is indigenous to Northwest China. Recent study has proved that peach was domesticated in China since 6000 BC.

Then, this fruit was spread to Persia. From Persia, peach was introduced to Europe, such as ancient Greeks and ancient Rome. In addition, this fruit is also introduced to other countries in Asia. The Japanese had cultivated this particular fruit tree since 4400 BC.

In the 16th century, Spanish explorer introduced this fruit to America. Later on, in the 17th century, peach reached to France and England. In those countries, this fruit was considered as a delicacy.

How to Grow a Peach Tree

There are two methods of how to grow a peach tree. You can grow it from a pit or from a bare root tree. Different methods will surely require different planting process. In addition, each of them also offers you with its own advantages and disadvantages.

How to grow a peach tree from a seed

How to grow a peach tree from a seed
How to grow a peach tree from a seed

Growing this fruit tree from a seed is fun and affordable. You can get the seed from store-bought peaches. However, it is important to know that the resulted tree may not produce fruits with different quality. It also takes more time.  But, if you want to try this method, you can follow these steps. The best time to perform these steps is in the winter

Cold stratification

  • Cut a couple of fresh peaches in half and take out the pits carefully.
  • Clean the pits from the fruit flesh and rinse them with water.
  • Soak the pits in a glass of room temperature-water for 30 minutes.
  • Take the pits out of the glass and place it in moist sphagnum moss.
  • Put them in a plastic zip lock bag and place it in a fridge with temperature between 1° C and 4° C.
  • After about eight weeks, take the plastic bag out of the fridge. Then, put the pits out of the plastic bag.

Sowing the seeds

  • Mix sterile potting soil with seed starting pot. Add some water so that is it moist. After that, fill the pots with this mix.
  • Sow the seeds in the potting mix, of about 7 cm deep. Cover it lightly with the soil.
  • Place the pots in a warm area of about 20o C and make sure that it gets indirect sunlight. Moreover, you also need to make sure that the soil stays moist.

Transplanting

When your pits grow into seedlings, you can transplant them to bigger pots filled with rich and high quality potting soil. Later, when the spring comes, you can transplant them directly to the ground.

How to grow a peach tree from a bare root tree

How to grow a peach tree from a bare root tree
How to grow a peach tree from a bare root tree

Growing a peach tree from a bare root tree is pretty easy and will allow you to save more time and energy. Moreover, it usually will give you lots of juicy and sweet peaches because it is propagated from grafting or budding. However, this bare root tree is a bit expensive.

If you want to grow a peach tree from a bare root tree, the best time to do it is in late winter or early spring. However, you need to make sure that the soil will not be waterlogged from the snowmelt. And to gain more success, you had better choose a year old bare root tree.

These are the steps of how to grow a peach tree from a bare root tree.

Planting 

  • First, you need to prepare the site by loosening the soil. You also need to make sure that the soil is moderately fertile and slightly acidic.
  • Dig a hole which is a couple inches wider and deeper than the root of the tree. And create a small mound in the middle of it.
  • Place the bare root tree on top of the mound and spread the roots around it. You need to be careful in spreading the roots and don’t bend them too hard.
  • For a dwarf tree that is propagated from grafting, you need to make sure that its graft union is 3 inches above the surface of the ground. In addition, if you plant more than one bare root tree, you must space them 4 m apart for dwarf trees or 7 m apart for standard tree.

Caring

  • Water the plant regularly so that the soil stays moist.
  • Fertilize the soil when the bare root tree has been transplanted for 6 weeks. Use 10-10-10 fertilizer. In the second year, fertilize the peach tree in the spring and summer with ¾ pound of nitrogen rich fertilizer. A matured tree, of about 3 years old and older, needs a pound of nitrogen rich fertilizer in the spring.
  • Prune the peach tree regularly to keep it healthy and short. You can prune it annually in early spring. In doing it, you must cut the new shoots at the top. Moreover, you may also need to pinch the shoots manually in the summer. In addition, you must remove some fruits so that your peaches will grow large and sweet.
  • Some pests may attack your peach tree. Therefore, you must check the tree regularly and remove the pests. In addition, certain fungal infection, such as leaf curl, may affect your tree. To solve it, you need to spray the tree with neem oil periodically.

Harvesting

Peaches will develop after the flowers are pollinated. They usually grow on second-year branches. Moreover, these fruits are matured and ready to harvest in the summer. It is important for you to pick ones that are fully ripe. One of the signs of a ripe peach is that its skin is completely yellow, without any trace of green.

Growing a peach tree may require you to perform extra care. However, it can be very rewarding. Once you harvest the fruits, all your hard work will pay off. Peaches may not survive storage well. They will only last for 5 days in the fridge. If you have lots of fresh peaches, you can process them into canned peach or dried peach. Therefore, you can enjoy this fruit later.

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